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THE UNCHANGEABLE ESSENCE BUT CHANGEABLE AND UNCHANGEABLE ATTRIBUTES - 14

THE UNCHANGEABLE ESSENCE BUT CHANGEABLE AND UNCHANGEABLE ATTRIBUTES Abstract  In what follows, the author has dealt with the relation between the necessary being as an unchangeable Essence and His changeable and unchangeable attributes. Neither is the ascription of any changeable attribute impossible for God nor is the ascription of any kind of unchangeable attribute possible.

THE MU‘TAZILITE QĀDĪ ‘ABD AL-JABBĀR ON THE DENOTATION OF MIRACLES - 13

Abstract This article examines the Mu‘tazilite Qādī ‘Abd al-Jabbār’s views on the denotation of miracles according to his own particular methodology. Despite his acceptance of the celebrated method of the theologians in the denotation of miracles with respect to the authenticity of prophets, i.e., resorting to divine wisdom, Qādī ‘Abd al-Jabbār instead proposed the issue

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE THOUGHT OF TEILHARD DE CHARDIN AS A CATALYST FOR INTERRELIGIOUS DIALOGUE - 12

Abstract Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, as he is more commonly known, was a Jesuit priest who died in 1955, having worked for some twenty years as a paleontologist in China. While being a renowned scientist, who assisted in the finding of the Peking Man fossil, Teilhard’s main desire and scholastic efforts were to reshape modern

KIERKEGAARD AND THE ASH‘ARITES ON REASON AND THEOLOGY - 11

Abstract Neither the Ash‘arites nor Kierkegaard’s systems of theology are anti-rational, for Kierkegaard regards the contradiction present in the object of faith as absolute rather than logical, suggesting thereby the existential dialectics for understanding this contradiction instead of resolving it. The Ash‘arites also hold that one can understand the existence of God through absolute reason,

THE SYSTEM OF DIVINE MANIFESTATION IN IBN ‘ARABI’S SCHOOL OF THOUGHT - 10

Abstract One of the fundamental problems of theoretical mysticism is how to explain the difference between God and the world on the basis of the idea of wahdat al-wujud (the unity of existence). Following the explanation of certain necessary premises, this paper presents the theory of divine manifestation as one that can explain and analyze

COMPARATIVE THEOLOGY AS CHALLENGE FOR THE THEOLOGY OF THE 21ST CENTURY - 9

Abstract In this article the author first gives an introduction to his own approach to comparative theology (CT). After some introductory considerations, an outline of the idea and foundation of CT is given and is contrasted with traditional approaches to other religions; the methods, goals, and also the limits of CT are discussed; CT is

On the End of the Mystical Journey: Ibn Arabi and Adi Śankara - 8

Abstract This paper will compare two of the most prominent mystics of Islam and Hinduism on what may be called the “end of the mystical journey,” or mokśa in Hindu spirituality and fanā in Islamic mysticism. The interpretations of these two mystics are naturally developed according to their own epistemological and ontological bases. Thus, referring

The Shiite Pluralistic Position on Human Cloning - 7

  The Shiite Pluralistic Position on Human Cloning Abstract With regard to human cloning or artificial human reproduction – and contrary to the opinions of Sunni scholars – Shiite thinkers have not held a unified position. After having surveyed a number of Shiite fatwas and analyses on the subject, this essay will classify them into

The Religion of Islam:The Qur’an’s Essential Notion of Din - 6

The Religion of Islam:The Qur’an’s Essential Notion of Din Abstract The overall aim of this paper is to highlight a transcendental usage of the Religion of Islamin the Qur’an. I will show that the notion of Islamas a unitary Religion is used in the Qur’an as a genus for religions (adyan) which have appeared throughout

Islam and other Religions - 5

Islam and other Religions Abstract Any student of comparative religion will notice – and seek to identify as well – the points of similarity and difference between various religions. One might even claim that the discipline of “influence studies” has its roots in these discussions of comparison and contrast. However, these discussions persistently fail to

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